Walnut is a premium domestic hardwood valued for its rich color and incredible finishing qualities. Moderately dense and very stable, Walnut is strong in relation to its weight. It has excellent machining and superb finishing qualities. Walnut trees produce generally shorter logs resulting in a shortage of longer length boards. Walnut has a medium-fine to coarse texture which is even and uniform.

Common Uses

Furniture, cabinetry, gunstocks, musical instruments, veneer, turned items, and other small wooden objects and novelties.


In its appearance, Walnut has clearly visible annual growth rings. Heartwood is a variegated dark chocolate brown, sometimes with purplish hue; sapwood is nearly white, often steam-stained at the sawmill to blend with heartwood.


Can be a challenge to work because of interlocked grain, especially on quartersawn surfaces. Planing can cause tearout and/or fuzzy surfaces. Poor dimensional stability. Glues, stains, and finishes well. Responds well to steam bending, and holds nails and screws well.