American Elm

american elm tree
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Description

Elm wood is valued for its interlocking grain and resistance to splitting, with significant uses in wheels, chair seats and coffins. The density of the wood varies due to differences between species.

Common Uses

Boxes, baskets, furniture, hockey sticks, veneer, wood pulp, and papermaking.

Appearance

Heartwood is light to medium reddish brown. Paler sapwood is usually well defined. Grain is interlocked (making it very resistant to splitting). With a somewhat coarse, uneven texture.

Workability

Can be a challenge to work because of interlocked grain, especially on quartersawn surfaces. Planing can cause tearout and/or fuzzy surfaces. Poor dimensional stability. Glues, stains, and finishes well. Responds well to steam bending, and holds nails and screws well.

American Elm